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The article was professionally consulted by Specialist II, Senior Doctor Doan Du Dat - General Internal Medicine - Department of Medical Examination and Internal Medicine - Vinmec Ha Long International General Hospital. A complete physical exam aims to assess the overall health status of each person at a time by assessing the function of most organs in the body and helping to detect if any disease exists.

As recommended by the American Heart Association, you need to have an annual blood pressure test at the age of 18 or older to screen for the risk of hypertension. Therefore, 18 will be the appropriate age for you to start a health examination. The general examination will help detect and treat diseases of blood pressure, diabetes, blood fat, hepatitis, etc. for children, it is important to screen for birth defects and conditions. nutrition. Regular health checkups help you to have a general view of current health status. Based on the results of the examination and general examination, the doctor will diagnose, detect disease early, treat it promptly and accurately, offering a high chance of cure. In addition, a general examination helps you assess and adjust to your daily lifestyle, thereby limiting future disease risks. Routine physical examinations are important for all sexes and ages, and should be performed every 6 months or once a year.

1. What does the general health check package include?
Depending on the age, gender, health check package will be designed to suit the most effective for patients. Accordingly, a general examination package may include:

Physical examination includes: evaluating clinical manifestations of circulatory system, respiratory system, gastrointestinal tract, kidney - urinary - urinary, endocrine, musculoskeletal - joints, nervous system, psychiatric, eye, ear - nose - throat, teeth - jaw - face, dermatology. Besides, it is possible to expand the scope of examination for a number of other specialties such as gynecology, male medicine, geriatrics, oncology, ... depending on the characteristics and risk factors of each person.
Blood and urine tests : Some routine blood and urine tests include: 18 blood count, 10-parameter urine, blood glucose (glucose), blood fat (Cholesterol, Triglyceride, LDL) , HDL), kidney function (urea, creatinine), liver enzymes (SGOT, SGPT, GGT), hepatitis B (HBsAg), find red blood cells in stool, some cancer markers, ...
Imaging diagnosis: The routine imaging diagnostics are x-rays (many locations such as the chest, cervical spine, lumbar spine, pelvis, ... depending on the characteristics and risk factors of each person. ); Abdominal ultrasound, thyroid ultrasound, breast ultrasound for women, ...
Functional exploration: ECG, EEG, measurement of osteoporosis, ... (Depending on risk factors to make an appropriate choice).
2. What does a physical exam include?
Physical examination is a comprehensive medical examination of all organs and organs in order to screen diseases. Includes items: general clinical examination, counseling, general testing, image diagnosis, functional exploration.

Content of general examination specific:

Check your fitness, through general parameters: blood pressure, height measurement, weight.
General internal examination, detect some medical diseases such as cardiovascular, digestive, respiratory, kidney - urinary ...
Eye exam, vision test, counseling, prevention and treatment of eye diseases.
Dental checkup, check the status of cavities, tartar, gums.
Ear - Nose - Throat Exam: Endoscopic examination to detect chronic sinus, laryngeal and throat diseases.
Total blood test analyzes 18 parameters: blood sugar (glucose), kidney function (Urea, Creatinin), liver enzymes (AST, ALT, GGT), blood fat (Cholesterol, Triglyceride, LDL, HDL), blood uric acid (detecting arthritis, gout), hepatitis B (HBSAG) ...
Total analysis of urine 10 indices: LEU (leukocyte), Nitrite (NIT), pH, BLD (erythrocytes), GLU (Glucose), PRO (protein) ...
Chest X-ray.
General abdominal ultrasound.
Prostate ultrasound (men).
Ultrasound of the breast, uterus, ovaries (female).
It is best for each person to choose a health checkup package, a checklist suitable for their age, needs and financial ability.3. Tests should be done by age
In addition to clinical examinations and tests, screening should be done at general health check-ups, with a focus on each age group:

Age 20-30:
Examining and testing infectious diseases such as hepatitis A, B, C, syphilis, gonorrhea ...
Pre-marital health check and reproductive function in men and women.
Age 30-40:
Examinations and tests on blood fat, cardiovascular disease, gout, diabetes ...
For men, check their liver and lung function if they drink alcohol or smoke regularly.
Women need gynecological examination, measure bone density ...
40-60 years old:
Screening for cancers like uterine cancer, stomach, liver, lung, throat cancer ...
Examine and do tests on blood fat, cardiovascular, osteoarthritis, gout, diabetes ...
Age over 60:
Examinations and tests on blood fat, cardiovascular, peripheral blood vessels, joints, gout, diabetes, respiratory disease ...
The cancer ...4. Attention when regular health examination:
Do not eat breakfast, drink sugary substances, gas or addictive substances such as tea, coffee ... to ensure accurate blood and urine test results.

If general abdominal ultrasound, drink plenty of fluids and urinate until the abdominal ultrasound is completed (urine in the bladder helps the doctor see the entire wall of the bladder, uterus and two ovaries (for women) or prostate gland and seminal vesicles of male).
If gastroscopy is done, fasting is necessary so that doctors can see better inside the stomach.
No gynecological examination if during menstruation, are pregnant.
Married women avoid sex before the examination (if gynecological examination is available)
Pregnant women do not have x-rays.
The case of gynecological ultrasound by probe, all urine should be empty for the doctor to easily see the uterus and appendages.
Clean the body, ears, nose, throat, genital area clean so as not to affect the vision and observation of the doctor during the examination.
Depending on the age, gender, medical history and needs of each individual to select the appropriate examination program.
Depending on age, health to choose the periodic periodic examination: 6 months / time, 1 year / time, 2 years / time ...
During the examination, the doctor may suspect that something is wrong
There are many health examination packages available today, you need to choose one that suits your economic ability and aspirations, and you need to consult the medical staff to decide accordingly.
5. Why should a general examination at Vinmec?
The general health examination at Vinmec is completely different from the normal health examination, each health examination package is designed scientifically and practically approaching the purpose of each examination package:

Early detection of diseases, combining the most comprehensive treatment interventions for patients.
Help early screening for dangerous diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, metabolic disease, cancer.
Specialized team of doctors, experienced in disease detection, counseling and comprehensive treatment combination.
The system of standardized weather equipment helps to evaluate and make an accurate diagnosis.
Testing system of international standard (reaching ISO 15189).
asked Nov 14 by AlbaBrazil9 (100 points)

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